21st Century Air Force High-tech Aviation Coffins

Under the conditions of high-tech local warfare, the high-tech aviation equipment (aircraft) obstacle factor has been included in the air force combat capability, and its important position and role in the structural element of combat effectiveness have been truly established. The high-tech aviation materials that the Air Force mobilizes, supplies, and manages are among the most important special equipment supplies for the maintenance and repair of modern fighter aircraft. Therefore, in the process of military logistics such as storage, transportation, and supply of high-tech aviation materials, the quality of packaging is becoming increasingly important in the protection of high-tech aviation materials. Based on the needs of the Air Force in the 21st century, this paper focuses on the research and application of high-tech aviation material storage and packaging (inner packaging) methods.
I. Importance of improving the quality of high-tech aviation material storage and packaging quality Before the 1980s, the Air Force mainly equips first- and second-generation fighters. The single-model aircraft has a relatively simple structure and its high-tech features are not yet available. It was revealed that after entering the 1990s, our army accelerated the pace of upgrading fighter aircraft. It not only eliminated the first-generation fighters and some second-generation fighters, but also transformed some second-generation fighters and developed a new generation of fighter aircraft (close to the third On behalf of the fighter jets, some third-generation fighter jets were also imported, forming a pattern of high, medium and low gear. With the continuous renewal and development of our aviation armament and equipment, and the wide application of new technologies, materials, and new equipment in the aviation field, the scope and tasks of aviation materials support are increasingly broadened, and the density of technology and high-tech content are increasing. Sealing and packaging The increasingly stringent quality requirements have made Air Force weapons and equipment increasingly dependent on aviation materials.
Modern aircraft is a complex of high-tech aviation materials. It often causes corrosion or damage due to the quality of sealing and packaging of an airborne equipment or component. As a result, an index of technical performance is abnormal, affecting the aviation force’s peacetime and wartime. The aircraft’s attendance, strength, and flight safety have reduced or even lost combat capabilities. The quality of air cargo storage and packaging work, to a large extent, determines the quality and performance of aviation materials in the storage and transportation process, and the quality assurance of air supply. In recent years, in order to implement the CMC’s military strategy in the new era, the aviation operations and training tasks have become increasingly demanding, and the aviation material supply guarantees a good rate, while the aviation material's readiness reserves and turnover reserves are under established reserve standards and funding standards. To ensure the maintenance and repair needs of the aircraft, the contradiction between the supply and demand of air materials, that is, the shortage of supply exceeds the demand. In the case of urgent preparations for military struggles, uninterrupted flight missions of aviation forces, difficulties in the financing of aviation materials, tight funding for aviation materials, and difficulties in securing the supply of aviation materials, how can we ensure that the aviation materials that have been raised and stored in aviation material warehouses are no longer available? It is particularly important to scientifically and reasonably seal and pack shipping materials due to improper storage, maintenance, storage and packaging. Some foreign military experts believe that it is not only economical but also convenient for them to work harder than their warehouse counterparts. The storage, transportation and supply under field conditions have confirmed several major local wars in the world in recent years, especially the Gulf War and the Kosovo War. The participating countries have made every effort to improve the storage and packaging quality of high-tech aviation materials (the US military has adopted good quality Aviation spare parts spare parts box, supporting well-packaged aviation materials, implementing field accompanied security, and improving military effectiveness), enabling aviation forces to rely on good and effective high-tech aviation supplies and services, and giving full play to high-tech weapons and equipment operational effectiveness And roles to ensure operations, exercises, and training missions Lee completed.
Second, the scope of the Air Force's high-tech aerospace materials and storage and packaging requirements The main combat platform for Air Force high-tech weaponry is modern fighter aircraft. High-tech aerospace materials mainly refer to high-tech features and are used on modern fighters or for maintenance and repair. Manufactured and stocked equipment. Military aviation materials mainly include structural type aviation materials, functional type aviation materials, and use-type aviation materials. Structural types of aviation materials include: aircraft, engine components and components, aviation auxiliary fuel tanks, etc.; functional types of aviation materials include: on-board machinery, instrumentation, oxygen, electrical, electronic, weapons, fire control, reconnaissance, safe life-saving systems, etc. Attachments; Use Types Aviation materials include: various oil and gas filling equipment before and after flight, aircraft starting power supply, air source equipment, aircraft ground repair and inspection equipment, various special inspection vehicles, ground command, communications, navigation equipment, airport maintenance Equipment and so on. The Air Force Aerospace Materials System has stored thousands of aviation materials needed for the maintenance and repair of the entire Air Force military aircraft, and has a lot of equipment. Equipment is "high, refined, sharp" products, there are many imported aviation equipment, equipment, a wide range of different nature, the structure is very complex and expensive. The basic purpose of sealing and packaging of aviation materials mentioned above is to ensure that aviation materials play their intended functions when used in military struggles.
The goal of air cargo storage and packaging is to adopt a unified, effective and economical method to protect aviation materials. It is necessary to ensure that the storage and packaging of high-tech aviation materials are scientific, safe, applicable and economical under the premise of meeting military needs and ensuring 100% storage, transportation and reliability of use, so that the overall military efficiency and economic efficiency are the best. The ABC Air Materials System uses the ABC classification method to statistically analyze inventory materials according to their importance, value consumption frequency, repairability, maintainability, and structural technical properties, etc., to determine their proportions, among which value. Larger, high-tech, and relatively important high-tech aviation materials occupy a considerable proportion (accounting for about 25%, and the value is about 65%) as the focus of its management, including one by one The implementation of high-quality, high-storage level of special sealed packaging (usually the first level, equivalent to the US military's level), reliable and effective reserve and supply, in order to meet the needs of winning high-tech local war.
Third, it is a pity that the United States and Russia’s Air Force’s storage and packaging regulations for high-tech aviation materials and the practical methods of the United States Air Force’s requirements for the storage and packaging of aviation materials are: anywhere in the world, at any time, and in the face of all kinds of possible adverse environmental conditions, When aerospace arrives, it must be ready for use, and there is usually no "acceptable" damage. The U.S. Air Force believes that the Air Force’s weaponry and equipment system is becoming increasingly complex and expensive, and the proportion of high-tech products is increasing, making it more difficult to seal and pack aviation materials. These products must have a high degree of reliability during use. Therefore, there is a high requirement for sealed packaging systems. These features lead to high-cost specifications and regulations. They would rather be excessive in terms of safety and reliability, rather than reduce the cost and make the product dangerous. . There is no acceptable danger in the development of high-tech aviation material storage packaging. The above view of the US Air Force stated that in terms of sealing and packaging of high-tech aviation materials, more consideration was given to the quality and reliability of sealed packaging, and economy was placed second. The United States Air Force has adopted two standards for the storage and packaging of air materials, namely: the United States Federal Standard Fed. Std. No. 102b (protection, packaging, and packing grades) and US military specification MIL-Pll6G (protection, packaging methods), whose purpose is to establish protection, packaging grades, and provide appropriate protection, packaging methods, and standards. The U.S. military specification MIL-Pll 6G specifies general process procedures, including cleaning, drying, coating of protective agents, and the use of encapsulation, shock-absorbing gaskets, gaskets, and packaging containers as required; 14 types of cleaning are also listed in the specification. The method, which can be specified in the contract or chosen by the contractor; proposes specific test methods to prove that the product has been properly cleaned, and 5 approved drying methods to remove any cleaning fluid or residual moisture; apply protective agent The method lists eight alternatives; a more detailed protective packaging method (main packaging method and sub-method) is specified; and quality assurance (quality testing and inspection) is specified. General aviation materials (simple in structure, not easily corroded and damaged) are sealed and packaged using U.S. federal standards without special requirements, because the cost can be reduced if the requirements are met. High-tech aviation materials require the use of U.S. military regulations, and the quality of sealed packaging is very stringent. Some packaging materials used for sealing and packaging of specific aviation materials are used in the contract to indicate the applicable packaging requirements in the contract (for example: circuit board equipment MIL- STD-726 3P/1/1/00/AA/AA/Y/XX/5/D3/A/AG/AB TP3).
The requirements of the Russian Air Force for the storage and packaging of aviation materials during storage and transportation are clearly stipulated in the aviation materials management documents. The storage, re-storage and disposal of aviation materials were separately regulated. Mainly includes the storage, resealing and disposal of aero-engines; the storage, resealing and burying of spare parts; the storage, resealing, processing and technical maintenance of aviation ordnance equipment; aircraft avionics, radio electronic equipment, communication equipment, radio flight Storage, resealing and disposal of safeguard equipment and inspection instruments; storage, resealing and disposal of airport flight barrier equipment; custody and maintenance of parachute equipment; storage, resealing and disposal of aviation repair plant equipment; Re-encapsulation and processing, etc. These are collectively referred to as the storage of military technical equipment (storing KOHCEPABЦИЯ), that is, the comprehensive technical measures adopted by the military technical equipment to prevent corrosion during long-term storage or transportation. The basic methods of storage include: sequestration using oil; use of atmospheric anti-corrosion inhibitors; use of polymeric materials to inhibit the storage of layers; dry air storage; Examples of short-term (temporary) protection measures for black and non-ferrous metals and their products include the use of oil-sealing oil to prevent rust, working lubricating oils to prevent rust, oil seals to prevent rust, and the use of removable anti-corrosion polymeric coatings to prevent rust. Use washable anti-corrosion coating to prevent rust, use anti-corrosion polymer coating that cannot be removed to prevent rust, use air static drying method to prevent rust, use contact anticorrosion agent to prevent rust, use phase inhibitor to prevent rust, use inertness Gas rust prevention. The basic basis is: the process of isolating the surface of the product from the external medium and causing a change in the technical state of the product. For the main sealed packaging components such as unpacking, unsealing, cleaning, drying, applying protective agent, packaging, etc., according to different requirements of aviation materials, using appropriate methods and processes. There are special regulations on the storage materials used for aviation materials, such as oil storage materials and packaging materials for aviation materials storage, etc., which mainly adopt the materials specified in the series of standards (eg HT-203 oil seal oil TOCT12328-77, polyethylene film TOCT10354-73, Corrosion resistant paper TC16295-77, etc.). The author conducted a survey on the air cargo storage and packaging of Russia imported by the Air Force. The high-tech aviation materials used are all primary packaging. According to the nature, structure, and functional requirements of the aviation materials, the corresponding special sealed packaging technology and comprehensive storage are used. Packaging methods, such as high-precision aeroengine fuel pumps, hydraulic pumps, hydraulic systems, such as internal storage, external storage, add moisture absorbent, sealing, gasketing, fixing, packing and other comprehensive sealing packaging methods.
Fourth, the Air Force 21st century high-tech aviation material storage and packaging method research and application Air Force attaches great importance to the storage and packaging of aviation materials, in the establishment of the system, there is a special organization for the storage and packaging of aviation materials, it is our country, our army. An important part of the organization engaged in storage and packaging work; in terms of scientific research on the storage and packaging of aviation materials, there are a certain number of researchers working on this work that have a long working life and strong research results; and a certain amount of research results; The air cargo sealing and storage packaging in China has formed a set of relatively complete rules and regulations and management experience; it has been basically matched in the installation of brigades and packaging equipment for aviation materials; and it has formed a sealed packaging method suitable for sealing and storage of aviation materials. And means. With the continuous deployment of modern military aircraft, especially new types of combat aircraft (including domestic and imported models) in our military, the issue of storage and packaging of high-tech aviation materials in the storage of new aircraft types has become one of the research topics that need to be tackled. Material Systems is actively engaged in research, testing, practice and application in this area and has achieved initial results.
With reference to the storage and packaging methods of the US and Russian air force aviation materials combined with the experience of air force aviation material storage and packaging, the author believes that in the 21st century, research and application methods for the storage and packaging of high-tech aviation materials (which can also be used for general aviation materials) are mainly There are: air material exterior sealed packaging method; air material internal sealed packaging method; air material dry air sealed packaging method; aviation material vapor phase corrosion inhibitor sealed packaging method; aviation material nitrogen filling sealed packaging method; aviation material wax seal and aviation forest comprehensive Sealed packaging methods, etc., External airtight packaging methods: Use of aviation anti-rust grease, through a certain sealing process (using a full dip or coating method), to isolate the air material from external media to achieve corrosion protection